B. The “hawk” view
C. The Eagle/Bluejay view
  • The setting:
    A. debunking two old Grand Strategies
    B. The Guiding World View
    1. US Unipolar Dominance
    2. Threats: Rogue states and non-state terrorists
    a.. state failure
    b. state sovereignty eroded and not useful

  • III. The New Foreign Policy Grand Strategy
    A. Major Assumptions
    1. Continued US dominance
    2. The Universality of American Values
    3. The Madman assumption
    4. Democratic Dominoes
    B. Three-fold Strategy
    1. Military dominance
    a. Little value attached to stability
    b. little need for I.O.s
    c. little need for alliances
    2. Pre-emption + missile defense
    3. Regime change

  • IV. Analysis
    A. The Conservative Internationalist
    B. The Conservative Realist
    1. The US cannot maintain unipolarity forever
    2. Madman assumption is suspect
    3. Strategy endangers US security
    a. replication of our strategy
    b. global reach creates enemies
    4. Missile Defense allows US adventurism
    C. Liberal Internationalist
    1. strategy does not take account of economic interdependence
    2. Endangers US security by destroying IOs
    D. Liberal Isolationist

  • American Foreign Policy PS123 / PACS 130

    American Foreign Policy

    American Foreign Policy PS 123/PACS 130
    Spring 2003
    Monday and Wednesday 4-5:30
    4 LeConte
    Professor Crawford
    202 Moses Hall
    Office Hours: M 10-11:30


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    lecture outlines

    statement on Plagiarism



    Lecture 3 Internal Sources of Policy

    I. Where We Are
    A. Basic Ideas of Realism: Anarchy, National Interest, Power, Force
    B. Basic Ideas of Globalism: Erosion of state sovereignty, rise of non-state actors, the internet

    II.Conservative and Liberal Realism
    A. What they agree on Defending the National Interest, no world government, States are “rational actors.
    B.Critiques of Conservative Realism
    1.The stakes of war are too high in a nuclear world
    2. The immorality of Realism cannot be tolerated
    3. Democracies won’t tolerate a security state
    4. Permanent warfare can drain the power of the state
    5. global problems and the “human interest”
    6. There is no such thing as the “national interest”

    III.Liberal Realists focus on the Security Dilemma under Anarchy and its effects
    A. Lack of a central government--(insecurity( self help for survival-(amassing power-(military force--(others watch and feel insecure(build up their own power and force-(security dilemma(war (get your enemy before he gets you)
    1. It is the security dilemma that causes war.
    2. Miscalculation
    B. What Mutes the Security Dilemma to reduce the odds of war?
    1.defensive Advantage
    2.Arms control and inspections
    3. Multilateralism (conservatives are not against this, but they to not want multilateral agreements to tie the hands of US policy)
    4.The Democratic Peace (conservatives are not against this per se; they simply believe that it won’t necessarily do much good)

    IV. Internal sources of policy
    A. The minds of Decision Makers .
    B. The Group
    C. Corporate interests
    D. Democracy—public opinion
    E. American Culture—“national character” “identity.”

    Does Public Opinion shape foreign policy

    I. Where we Are

    A. Conservative and Liberal Realism

    B. Rationality

    C. Does Public Opinion shape foreign policy?

    D. American Cultureó"national character" "identity."

    II. Grand Strategies

    1. Where do they come from?
    2. Which view are they based on?

    Isolationist Internationalist

    the interests of a peaceful and stable world.
    C. The Theory: The Mr. “X” Article
    1. Monoliths and Dominos
    2. Balance Soviet Power
    3. Only protect the most vital regions
    4. The Soviet Union will fall of its own accord

    V. The Liberal Isolationist Critique of Containment
    A. The Soviet Threat was exaggerated
    1. in general
    2. in the case of the Greek civil war
    B. The Domestic effects were deleterious
    1. expansion of government bureaucracies
    2. movement away from professional diplomats toward more political appointments
    3. Creation of the Iron Triangle, or the military-industrial complex
    4. Anti-Communist hysteria and McCarthyism
    5. A shifting of priorities within universities.

      Isolationist Internationalist
    Conservative Realist