of International Studies, University of Washington, November 1992

"Is Europe Asia's Future?" East-West Center, Honolulu, Hawaii, October, 1992

"Economic Security in Post-Cold War Europe" Friedrich Ebert Foundation Conference on Europe after Maastricht, January 15-17, 1992

"Domestic Politics and German Foreign Policy in the New Europe," DAAD Summer Seminar, August 7, 1991

"NATO's Future at the End of the Cold War," World Affairs Council, San Francisco, CA., May 23, 1991

"Germany and the Transformation of Europe," DAAD Summer Seminar, August 1, 1990

"U.S. Foreign Policy Objectives at the End of the Reagan Era," Friedrich Ebert Foundation Conference on American Foreign Policy, Bonn, West Germany, November 1988

"High Technology, National Security, and International Politics," Berkeley Roundtable on the International Economy, May 1988

"The Prospect for Joint Ventures with the Soviet Union," Center for Slavic and East European Studies, University of California, Berkeley, "The Gorbachev Era: An Update," April 1988

"The United Nations: Prospects for Reform," Conference on the United Nations, University of Pittsburgh, April 1988

"High Technology and National Security," Institute of International Studies, University of California, Berkeley, April 1987

"Statecraft and State Capacity," Faculty Seminar on the State and Society, Harvard University, February 1986

"East-West Technology Transfer: Lessons for the Third World" Hebrew University of Jerusalem, December 1986

"Institutional Weakness and Policy Failure in East-West Trade," Conference on the State and Institutional Political Economy, Woodrow Wilson School, Princeton University, May 1985

"The State Against Itself," Conference on the State and the International Political Economy, UCLA, November 1985

Screening and selection Committee, International and Area Studies Chief Administrative Officer Position


Fulbright Grant Selection Committee, Technical University, Dresden, 1999

Selection Committee, DAAD Prize for Distinguished Scholarship in German Studies, 1997.

Research Support Advisory Board, American Political Science Association, 1996-98.

Chair, Panel on Economic Security, American Political Science Association, Annual Meeting, Washington, D.C. 1994.

Director, Summer Institute in Social Science Theory and Problems of Liberalization, a program for university students from Eastern Europe and the former Soviet Union, June-July, 1992, July-August, 1993.

Chair, Panel on "Redefining Security" American Political Science Association, 1992 Annual Meeting, Chicago, Illinois

Conference Director, Conference on The Future of European Security, U.C. Berkeley, Spring, 1991

Endowed Programs Committee, American Political Science Association, 1987-88

Chair, Panel on South African Sanctions and Divestment, American Political Science Association, 1987 Annual Meeting, Chicago, Illinois

Governing Board, International Studies Association, Atlantic Region,1986-87

Chair, Panel on Progress in International Relations, American Political Science Association Annual Meeting 1985, New Orleans, Louisiana

Editorial Board, German Politics and Society
Business and Politics

Article and manuscript referee, articles on trade and security policy, international relations theory, security issues, foreign policy analysis, post-communist transitions, ethnic conflict, and German foreign policy, for: International Security; International Organization; International Studies Quaterly; The American Political Science Review; European Journal of International Relations; Swiss Political Science Review; Journal of Theoretical Politics, University of California Press; Cornell University Press; The University of Michigan Press; Penn State Press; Scott, Foresman and Company; Brooks/Cole Publishing Company; Westview Press, Cambridge University Press.

Jury member and referee for: The Mershon Center Competition in International Security, The Ohio State University; The Harris Faculty Fellowship Program, Grinnell College; The Netherlands Institute for Advanced Study in the Humanities and Social Sciences, The German Academic Exchange Service, The Fulbright Commission..

American Foreign Policy

American Foreign Policy PS 123/PACS 130
Spring 2003
Monday and Wednesday 4-5:30
4 LeConte
Professor Crawford
202 Moses Hall
Office Hours: M 10-11:30



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Mission Statement:
t forces had been victorious in China about the same time.
2) If the US just pursued “containment,” the SU would gain nuclear parity. Nuclear Parity would permit the projection of Soviet power into the Third World.
3) The Soviets would project their power because of the nature of the Soviet system
4) Thus the US must maintain strategic superiority in order to halt Soviet adventurism—Nuclear superiority and military superiority for the US will lower the cost of intervention to the US—it will be easy.
F. NSC 68
1. the Players: Acheson and Nitze instead of Marshall and Kennan
2. The aim: "to check and to roll back the Kremlin's drive for world domination." NSC-68 called explicitly for a "policy of calculated and gradual coercion." The aim was to force a "retraction" of Soviet power--to get the Soviets to "recede" by creating "situations of strength."
3. The Call: a massive buildup of U.S. military power. It was not enough to merely balance Soviet power; the drafters of NSC-68 wanted to create such an enormous preponderance of power that the Soviets could be pushed back without a single shot having to be fired.
4. Examples Albania and China
5. The general effect: The US goes global
VI. The Korean War
A. Lessons
1) revealed the weakness of the United Nations in preventing aggression through collective security,
2) it showed how difficult it was to balance the two objectives of containment and roll back
B. Background
C. North Korea Attacks, Containment goes into action
D. The War
E. Uniting for Peace resolution
F. From Containment to roll back and back to Containment: Why?

VII. Containment and Roll back in American foreign policy debates today
A. Arguments for Containment
1. Historical success
2. Exaggeration of the Threat
B. Arguments for “roll back”
1. Western credibility will vanish if we back off;
2. Strike while the Iron is hot
3. Monoliths and Dominos
4. We must liberate the People of Iraq
5. A Flawed Historical Analogy